Salaries in Russia

Salaries in Russia

Salaries in Russia can hardly be called high. Meanwhile, various goods such as food are overpriced for the real income of the majority of the population. Since 2000 prices in Russia are rising faster than salaries.

Оf course, it is worth noting the fact that in 2014 there was a drop in real estate prices. The cost of purchase of real estate and housing rental in apartment buildings decreased by half. However, a lot of people including some low-income pensioners lived on the money from the rental of real property. Also in 2014 the ruble fell more than twice in comparison to the euro and the dollar. Consequently, in that year there was a drop in the level of real incomes of the Russian population, because there was a significant increase in the prices of many food products and other goods.

What could cause such events? In my opinion the reason is the so-called Russia’s accession of Crimea, which occurred in the same year as several events described above. The majority of Russians «enjoy» the repercussions of those events till now.

Actually, there are countries where salaries and the living standard of the population are even lower than in Russia. For example, in Belarus almost every local resident rummages in trash cans like sewer rat without embarrassment before tourists. All this I repeatedly observed firsthand during a tourist trip to Minsk (the capital of Belarus).

Salaries in Russia

All salaries on this page are listed before deduction of income tax.

According to independent labor market research for 2018 the average monthly salary of the Russian population was approximately 25,000 Russian rubles ($ 384). For the sake of justice, it is noteworthy that wages above 30-45 thousand rubles (461- 692 US dollars) are the norm for cities such as Moscow, St. Petersburg and a number of northern Russian. If we talk about the northern cities, we must bear in mind the fact that prices in such cities are higher than prices in St. Petersburg and Moscow.

You can see below the official statistics of the wage level in Russia by economic activities for 2015-2016, because it wasn’t possible to find later data. From my point of view, the amounts are greatly overestimated.

All salary amounts are in Russian rubles.

Kind of activity 2015 2016
October November December January February
Agriculture, hunting and forestry 20 135 19 568 23 246 18 762 18 229
Fishing, fish farming 49 033 47 057 51 653 50 320 45 331
Mineral extraction 59 980 60 381 86 085 62 498 61 407
among them:
Extraction of fuel and energy resources 64 801 64 996 94 211 71 212 68 605
Mineral extraction, except fuel and energy 50 544 51 210 69 653 44 479 46 620
Manufacturing industries 32 145 31 639 37 503 31 261 31 968
of them:
Food production including drinks and tobacco 27 554 26 611 29 950 26 768 26 753
Textile and garment manufacture 16 100 15 661 17 309 14 484 15 441
Manufacture of leather, leather goods and footwear 18 619 18 410 19 088 17 566 18 762
Timber processing and manufacture of wood products 20 659 20 163 22 304 20 500 20 812
Pulp and paper production: publishing and printing 30 657 30 198 35 047 31 869 35 259
Production of coke and petroleum products 68 405 67 585 93 483 66 430 70 290
Chemical production 38 413 37 627 48 872 40 436 42 639
Production of other non-metallic mineral products 28 078 26 930 29 874 25 621 26 409
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products 25 887 25 313 27 783 25 024 25 148
Metallurgy and manufacture of finished metal goods 33 560 32 151 38 428 32 564 33 229
Manufacture of machinery and equipment 32 519 32 416 37 972 32 185 38 879
Manufacture of electrical, electronic and optical equipment 37 839 38 337 46 791 35 027 35 681
Production of vehicles and equipment 37 160 36 988 43 664 35 199 36 501
Оther production 21 803 21 033 23 822 20 355 21 497
Production and distribution of electricity, gas and water 35 246 35 733 44 216 37 095 36 976
Construction 29 916 29 786 36 506 27 603 29 082
Wholesale and retail trade; repair of vehicles, motorcycles 27 544 26 840 31 588 27 602 28 112
Hotels and restaurants 20 438 20 052 22 533 21 652 20 917
Transport and communication 38 259 36 666 43 801 38 491 37 869
among them communication 32 022 32 663 37 776 33 689 33 433
Financial activity 61 790 66 972 111 124 60 725 90 170
Real estate trading, rent and provision of services 38 503 39 944 53 172 37 603 40 230
Research and development 57 935 63 120 84 159 51 122 53 770
Public administration and provision of military security etc 41 163 39 103 65 101 36 127 37 368
Education 26 560 27 554 34 951 25 133 25 797
Health care and social services 27 197 27 660 34 695 28 640 26 710
Provision of other communal, social and personal services 29 743 29 732 38 709 30 185 30 427
among them organization activities of leisure, entertainment, culture, and sports 33 096 33 039 45 250 33 639 34 472

Speaking about Russian salaries, you need to understand that many Russians get paid unofficially, it means without paying any taxes by the employer and the employee. Such employers sometimes pay even less than the minimum wage established by the state.

Many employers are inclined to deceive their employees at payment of salaries. Employees are sometimes underpaid because of any reason. Also, there are employers who delay wages for months and then dismiss employees without paying their salaries. It is not always obtained to provide justice in court. I myself have witnessed this. My mother worked in a public educational institution with several branches in St. Petersburg and her employer didn’t pay for work during New Year’s holidays. She brought a case in court, but the staff of the educational institution forged the requested documents and as a result the court took the side of the employer. A lot of people were involved in the falsification of documents. All this happened with the acquiescence and most likely upon the order of the director of the educational institution.

I hope you will draw conclusions about the written above.